George W. Hart, Ph.D.
George W. Hart is an interdisciplinary sculptor, mathematician,
computer scientist, and educator. His geometric sculpture is
recognized around the world for its mathematical depth and
creative use of materials. He is a pioneer in using computer
technology and 3D printing in the
design and fabrication of sculpture. Examples of his artwork can
be seen at major universities, such as M.I.T., U.C. Berkeley, and Stony Brook University.
He has received praise and awards in numerous exhibitions,
including a New York State Council for the Arts Individual
Artist's Award. He has been invited to lecture and show his art
across the country and around the globe, including many major
universities. He loves designing sculptures to be assembled by
large groups of people, such as this, this,
this, this or this.
Hart's publications center on mathematical applications in sculpture and other fields. His extensive online Encyclopedia of Polyhedra provides a substantial reference, which is used by students and researchers around the world. His groundbreaking Multidimensional Analysis text (Springer Verlag, 1995) gives fresh insight into the structures of linear algebra. His Zome Geometry book (Key Curriculum Press, 2001) takes the reader on a hands-on tour of the structures possible in three-dimensional space, and is designed to spark students' interest in geometry. He has been in the process of slowly writing a book on the history of geometry in art.
Hart's mathematical research centers on novel polyhedral
structures and algorithms for producing them. He has produced
algorithms for generating various new classes of polyhedra, which
he then presents to the world in sculptural forms. (In past work,
he developed methods for efficiently monitoring electrical loads,
on which he holds several patents.) He is the associate editor for
sculpture of the Journal
of Mathematics and the Arts. He is on the board of directors
of the Bridges
Organization, which runs the Bridges conferences
on mathematical connections in art, music, and science. He is
active in developing Innovations in
Mathematics Education via the Arts.
Hart's educational activities reach students at all levels. He
has developed many original workshop activities which use
art-related ways to engage students in thinking mathemtically
about patterns, structure, and relationships. These include
constructions with paper, CDs, or other materials. He is known
for workshops he has led around the world constructing very large
models of four-dimensional polytopes (e.g., 1, 2, 3, 4,
5), These extraordinary
activities expose participants to important conceptual ideas they
might never experience otherwise. His online teaching materials
have a significant impact on mathematics education and result in
an enormous amount of email contact to him from teachers and
students around the world. His alternative introductions to
mathematical topics are often effective for engaging students who
are not attracted to traditional mathematics teaching.
Hart is a co-founder of North America's only Museum of Mathematics. As chief of
content, he set the "Math is Cool!" tone of the museum and spent
five years designing original exhibits and workshop activities for
Hart also designs intricate geometric
puzzles which provide deep challenges to assemble. Some of
these are best solved by a group of people working cooperatively.
They provide stimulating original exercises in visualization and
Hart received a B.S. in Mathematics from MIT (1977), an M.A. in Linguistics from Indiana University (1979), and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from MIT (1987). He has worked at the MIT Lincoln Laboratory and MIT Energy Laboratory as a computer scientist. He taught for eight years as a professor at Columbia University, and briefly at Hofstra University. After two years as a visiting scholar associated with the computational geometry group in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at Stony Brook, he was a research professor in the Department of Computer Science at Stony Brook (2001-2010). He is the author of over sixty scholarly articles and conference papers. His web site http://www.georgehart.com illustrates the range of his work.
Hart enjoys giving talks and workshops, illustrated with slides
and physical models, to audiences ranging from elementary school
students to professionals. He has been a visiting lecturer many
times at the Canada/USA
MathCamp. For places to meet him or see his sculpture, click here. For some press
notices, click here. If you like
cookies, click here.
has had a minor hand in some videos by his daughter, Vi Hart, and has started making a
series of math videos on YouTube and another series of "Math
Impressions" video essays for the Simons Foundation.
In all, George Hart has been kissed by Euclid and enjoys life as
a troubadour for geometry, finding creative ways to spread his
love for and knowledge of all things that embody a mathematical