George W. Hart, Ph.D.
George W. Hart is an interdisciplinary sculptor, mathematician,
computer scientist, and educator, recently retired from a research
professor at Stony Brook University. His geometric sculpture is
recognized around the world for its mathematical depth and
creative use of materials. He is a pioneer in using computer
technology and 3D printing in the
design and fabrication of sculpture. Examples of his artwork can
be seen at major universities, such as M.I.T., U.C. Berkeley, Duke
University, and Stony
Brook University. He has received praise and awards in
numerous exhibitions, including a New York State Council for the
Arts Individual Artist's Award. He has been invited to lecture and
show his art across the country and around the globe. He loves
designing sculptures to be assembled by large groups of people,
such as this, this, this,
this, this or this. He has an ongoing
project, Making Math
Visible, with Elisabeth Heathfield.
Hart's publications center on mathematical applications in sculpture and other fields. His extensive online Encyclopedia of Polyhedra provides a substantial reference, which is used by students and researchers around the world. His groundbreaking Multidimensional Analysis text (Springer Verlag, 1995) gives fresh insight into the structures of linear algebra. His Zome Geometry book (Key Curriculum Press, 2001) takes the reader on a hands-on tour of the structures possible in three-dimensional space, and is designed to spark students' interest in geometry. He has been in the process of slowly writing a book on the history of geometry in art.
Hart's mathematical research centers on novel polyhedral
structures and algorithms for producing them. He has produced
algorithms for generating various new classes of polyhedra, which
he then presents to the world in sculptural forms. (In past work,
he developed methods for efficiently monitoring electrical loads,
on which he holds several patents.) He is the associate editor for
sculpture of the Journal
of Mathematics and the Arts. He is president of the Bridges Organization,
which runs the Bridges conferences
on mathematical connections in art, music, and science and was
director of the MoSAIC
Project, bringing weekend Math/Art festivals to university
campuses. He is active in developing Innovations in Mathematics Education
via the Arts.
Hart's educational activities reach students at all levels. He
has developed many original workshop activities which use
art-related ways to engage students in thinking mathemtically
about patterns, structure, and relationships. These include
constructions with paper, CDs, or other materials. He is known
for workshops he has led around the world constructing very large
models of four-dimensional polytopes (e.g., 1, 2, 3, 4,
5), These extraordinary
activities expose participants to important conceptual ideas they
might never experience otherwise. His online teaching materials
have a significant impact on mathematics education and result in
an enormous amount of email contact to him from teachers and
students around the world. His alternative introductions to
mathematical topics are often effective for engaging students who
are not attracted to traditional mathematics teaching.
Hart is a co-founder of North America's only Museum of Mathematics. As chief of
content, he set the "Math is Cool!" tone of the museum and spent
five years designing original exhibits and workshop activities for
Hart also designs intricate geometric
puzzles which provide deep challenges to assemble. Some of
these are best solved by a group of people working cooperatively.
They provide stimulating original exercises in visualization and
Hart received a B.S. in Mathematics from MIT (1977), an M.A. in Linguistics from Indiana University (1979), and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from MIT (1987). He has worked at the MIT Lincoln Laboratory and MIT Energy Laboratory as a computer scientist. He taught for eight years as a professor at Columbia University, and briefly at Hofstra University. After two years as a visiting scholar associated with the computational geometry group in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at Stony Brook, he was a research professor in the Department of Computer Science at Stony Brook 2001-2010 and is again a research professor at Stony Brook University starting in 2013, but now interdepartmentally in the Engineering School. (In between he was off co-founding MoMath.) He is the author of dozens of scholarly articles and conference papers. His web site http://www.georgehart.com illustrates the range of his work.
Hart enjoys giving talks and workshops, illustrated with slides
and physical models, to audiences ranging from elementary school
students to professionals. He has been a visiting lecturer many
times at the Canada/USA
MathCamp. For places to meet him or see his sculpture, click here. For some press
notices, click here. If you like
cookies, click here.
has had a minor hand in a couple of videos by his daughter, Vi Hart, and makes a
series of math videos on YouTube and another series of "Math
Impressions" video essays for the Simons Foundation.
In all, George Hart has been kissed by Euclid and enjoys life as
a troubadour for geometry, finding creative ways to spread his
love for and knowledge of all things that embody a mathematical